Tropaeolum majus Indian Cress
Tropaeolum minus Dwarf Nasturtium
Dwarf nasturiums grow to about 40cm high while Indian Cress has trailing stems that grow up to 200 cm (78 inches) and can climb supports. The leaves are circular and the flowers are yellow, orange and red. Although a perennial is often treated as an annual in cooler areas where they are sown from spring to mid-summer.
Favourite Growing Conditions
Likes full sun but can tolerate partial shade. Use organic matter enriched soil for the best tasting leaves.
For Dwarf Nasturtiums seeds can be sown in clumps of 3-4 seeds 30cm (12 inches) apart. For Indian Cress seeds can be sown in clumps of 2-3 seeds 75cm (30 inches) apart. Germination takes 2-3 weeks and growing time is 10-12 weeks.
Water if too dry. Can be encouraged to climb a trellis.
All parts of the plant are edible and add a zesty peppery taste to salads. Leaves can be taken from about 10-12 weeks. Flowers come in a variety of colours of yellow, orange and red and make colourful additions to salads. Unripe (green) nasturtium seeds can be pickled to make a peppery caper substitute.